Arab-Israeli conflict has been taking place for more than 60 years. In total there were 8 wars between Israel and different Arabic states. Actually, fighting in the Middle East rarely intermits. Events in Palestine are not an exception. In 1947 the UN General Assembly accepted the Resolution N181, which implied the establishment of two states, an Arabic and a Jewish one, on the territory of original Palestine. Neither of the sides was content with this because both the Arabs and the Jews were aspiring to get the whole Palestinian area, claiming that it originally belonged to them. After a few mutual provocations the first Arab-Israeli war started and led to the Arabs' loss of a large number of cities where they'd constituted a majority. A lot of refugees fled from both sides as well. Jerusalem became divided: the eastern part was included in Jordan for 19 years (till 1967), while the western one got into the possession of a newly-created Israel. We can not say that Arabs lost the war completely, but they lost a lot. The territory of original Palestine did not turn into an Arabic state after all. The Western shore of the Jordan river became the territory of Jordan, while Gaza strip got into Egypt's possession. Later, both the western shore and Gaza were occupied by Israel but got the autonomy. The Arabs' discontent with the Israeli occupation of the territory and their policies led to the appearance of different (Islamic included) organizations which are aiming for the Palestine's independence. The most famous among them are Palestine Liberation Organization and Hamas. While the former one go for the peaceful solution, the latter rejects this possibility and conducts different acts that threaten the safety of the Jewish state and actively promotes jihad (sacred war). Hamas is functioning in Gaza that has access to Mediterranean Sea and is surrounded by Egypt and Israel. Thus, Gaza has no access to the other part of Palestine, often referred to as the Western Shore of the Jordan River.
This summer the situation in the region got heated up. Three Israel teenagers were kidnapped and murdered in June, and the responsibility for that was placed on Hamas. This incident led to the sudden escalation of the conflict. The missile fire from Gaza was answered by the Israeli military operation against Hamas. With the intermediary of a number of countries (Russia included) the fighting sides managed to sign a long-term truce. Personally, I was in Palestine this summer during the intensification of the conflict.
Russia has been an ally of Palestine for quite a long time now. Russia has been supporting the country with both military and humanitarian aid. A lot of Palestinians usually give Russians a very warm welcome. In general, the majority of grown Arabs in Palestine respect foreigners, unless they have Jewish ancestry, of course. Many Arabs are pleasingly surprised to hear a foreigner speaking their language. The ability to speak Arabic can be very useful there: it is easier to bargain with the seller on the market and he will give a bigger discount to an Arabic speaking foreigner, than to a foreigner not speaking the language or even to a native Arab. But bear in mind — you should get an agreement on the price before the seller prepares the product, or he will raise the price greatly. Indeed, Arabs love to get money from tourists, be it a boy who wants to show you the road or an adult who is trying to make money out of small things. On the other hand, Arabs are really hospitable and friendly. If you made a good impression on an Arab, he may as well invite you for some tea or hookah. Regardless of his religious affiliation, he will behave politely while speaking to a foreigner who can speak Arabic.
Local youngsters behave differently. A lot of them see citizens of other countries as occupants. Of course, different people have different attitudes to foreigners. Some are rather welcoming, kind and ready to help; some are not. It is worth noting that their attitude towards men and women is different. Palestinian boys and men may shout something unpleasant to a European-looking girl, throw a stone or a firecracker at her or even shoot with a toy gun. There are exceptions, though. A few Palestinians are married to foreigners. The attitude towards such women correlates to their husbands' statuses, but almost everyone is tolerant and respectful. The change of religion is not necessary for a woman marrying a citizen of a non-Islamic state. In Palestine itself there are big communities of Chirstians. Many churches function as well.
The situation with male foreigners is different. Local youngsters are more cautious of them, they are aware of the fact that men can respond to the aggression, but sometimes they still can throw something at a foreigner or deliberately push him while passing. An unpleasant incident on the bus has once happened to me and my Russian friend who was attacked by a boy shouting "Go away, Christian!" just because of my friends' necklace with a cross. Fortunately, we managed to avoid fighting, as the adults who were on the bus understood that the boy was wrong and called the driver. He stopped the bus, grabbed the boy and threw him out of the bus, thus preventing the fight. We asked then, why did the guy attack a tourist from Russia, and an old Palestinian sitting next to us answered that the boy could be in a bad mood, or he may have got an overheat. By the way, this'd happened during the sacred for Muslims month of Ramadan, when most of the Muslim Arabs in Palestine take food and water only before dawn and after sunset. There was another unpleasant situation when two Palestinian boys saw the foreigners riding a bus and started throwing stones in the window, thus breaking it. These two stories are a vivid example of the job done by radical Islamists who brainwash children and teenagers, setting them against not only Jewish but also Christians. A lot of Palestinians, in their turn, have negative opinion concerning Hamas and other Islamic organizations, and wish for the end of the Arab-Israeli conflict and peaceful life. At the same time, there are some Arabs in Palestine who think bad of Israel, deny its existence and want it gone. It's incorrect to think that all the Islamists are extremists, but several of them definitely are. On the Western shore some agitators say that people must fight in the sacred war. Actually, in the Eastern Palestine Islamists have almost no influence but still can have some impact on the events in the region.
It's not surprising that the operation in Gaza led to the rise of anti-Israel moods among Palestinians, as their Muslim and Palestinian brothers, most of who were civilians, had been dying there. It is interesting that soon after the operation conducted by the Israeli militaries in Gaza this summer, Hamas's popularity rose in the whole Palestine, as Israel failed to destroy the "nest" of Palestinian Islamists. That event may also shatter the UN's positions in Palestine, as the former is no longer actively fighting the Jewish state, trying to prevent another bloody war. We can't disregard the fact that in the future the UN may recognise Israel in exchange for some appeasement. The government of Mahmoud Abbas, who is also the leader of Palestine Liberation Organization, has to fight the Islamists, as they are very troublesome; and all the latest Israeli operations in the Western shore and Gaza are the result of provocations of Hamas and other Islamic organizations towards Israel.
To sum up, I would like to note that the attitude of Palestinian Arabs towards foreigners depends on their age, education, lifestyle, religious and political views. Grown and rational Palestinians have great opinion of foreigners, especially Russian tourists. The youngsters act incredulously and aggressively, though. But we can understand them: during the last 60 years Palestinians have lost enough territory they'd lived on and they can see foreigners as occupants who have come for more.